While companies are often focused on outsider risks such as breach of their systems through a stolen laptop or hacking, often the biggest risk is from insiders themselves. Such problems of access management with existing employees, independent contractors and other persons are as much a threat to proprietary information as threats from outside sources.
Computer programs are protected under the U.S. Copyright Act. The owner of the copyright holds the right to exclude others from copying their software, making works derivative of it, and from distributing or using it.